Takht Sachkhand Shri Hazur Abchalnagar Sahib is the historical shrine at Nanded. It is situated at a walking distance from Godavari River. It is one of the five Takhts of the Sikhs and is much respected by them.
Nanded is associated with the first and the tenth of the Sikh Gurus. The first Guru, Guru Nanak Dev Ji passed through it during his travels at far south. Guru Gobind Singh Ji spent the last few days of his earthly life here. He arrived here with emperor Bahadur Shah towards the end of August 1708, and, while the later went on to Golconda after a few days rest, the Guru decided to stay on here.
After the departure of the emperor Bahadur Shah,
the tenth Guru held his court and congregation here. It is the site of his own tent where he was convalescing after he was attacked by assassins. It is the place from where the tenth Guru rose to heaven along with his horse Dilbag.
"The Eternal Father willed and I raised the Panth. All my Sikhs are hereby ordered to accept the Granth as their Preceptor. Have faith in the holy Granth, as your master and consider it the visible manifestation of the Gurus. He who has a pure heart will seek guidance from its holy words."
These are the words uttered by the tenth Guru Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, before his divine soul left his body, on October 7, 1708 at Nanded in Maharashtra. Gurdwara was built at the site where the Guru breathed his last, between 1832 and 1837, under instructions from Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji.
It is called "Takht Sachkhand Shri Hazur Abchal Nagar Sahib". It is a two-floor building. The architectural design resembles that of the Golden Temple. It's' interior is artistically ornamented in the style of Harmandir Sahib, Amritsar. The walls of the inner room called Angitha Sahib have been covered with golden plates. On the first floor, recitations from Shri Guru Granth Sahib, go on day and night. The dome is polished and on the pinnacle is the kalash made of gold plated copper.
Some of the sacred relics of Guru Gobind Singh Ji are also preserved here. These are, a golden dagger, a matchlock gun, an archer with 35 arrows, two bows, a steel shield studded with precious stones and five golden swords.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji while conferring Guruship on the holy Book, had himself named Nanded as Abchalnagar (lit. steadfast city) after the first word of a hymn read at random on the occasion.
The building complex of the Takht Sahib about is half a Kilometer from the left bank of the river Godavari and is spread over several hectares. Besides the Takht Sahib it also includes two other shrines, Bunga Mai Bhago Ji (comprising a large room where Guru Granth Sahib is seated and some historical weapons are at display), and Angitha (lit. place of cremation)
of Bhai Daya Singh and Dharam Singh. These two survivors of the battle of Chamkaur, who were among the Panj Piare (five beloved ones who had offered their heads at the Guru’s call when the Khalsa
Panth was created) in Kesgarh Fort of Anandpur Sahib on the Baisakhi Day of 1699, had accompanied the Guru to Nanded and had
left for heaven here subsequently. The complex also has a 300 room rest house for pilgrims and office blocks of the Gurudwara Board besides a press and publishing house and a school for scripture-reading and kirtan.
Guru Granth Sahib is seated in the room in front of the sanctum from early morning to late evening and is placed in the sanctum only during the night.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji ended the physical Guruship before his departure from this world and passed on the permanent Guruship to Shri Guru Granth Sahib on October 6, 1708. He declared that the temporal functions of the Guru will be performed by the Five Beloveds. The spiritual guidance will be given by Shri Guru Granth Sahib.
“Whosoever wishes to find (Behold) God, let him search Him in Shri Guru Granth Sahib....Where ever five Amritdhari Sikhs are assembled together, there will I be present”. “Agya Bhaiee Akal Ki,” the Last sermon of Guru Gobind Singh Ji did not appoint any human successor in line of human Guruship as per tradition. The Guru declared Granth Sahib to be the ultimate preceptor and the Guru-Eternal for the Sikhs. He conferred Guruship on Granth Sahib at Abchal Nagar, Nanded by circumambulating five times and bowing his head before it. He declared that after him, the living Guru would be embodied in the Sabad (Word) as contained in Shri Guru Granth Sahib by uttering the sermon:
"Agya Bhai Akal ki tabhi chalayo Panth,
Sab Sikhan ko hukam hai Guru manyo Granth.
Guru Granth Ji Manyo pragat Guran ki deh,
Jo Prabh ko milbo chahe khoj sabad men leh
Raj karega Khalsa aaki rahe na koe,
Khawar hoe sabh milainge bacheh sharan jo hoe."